Ativan (Lorazepam) Side Effects, Interactions, Warning, Dosage

5.13.2018 by Brianna Backer
Ativan (Lorazepam) Side Effects, Interactions, Warning, Dosage

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

The usual range is 2 to 6 mg/day given in divided doses, the largest dose being taken before bedtime, but the daily dosage may vary from 1 to 10 mg/day.

The inactive ingredients present are lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and polacrilin potassium. It is a nearly white powder almost insoluble in water. Each Ativan (lorazepam) tablet, to be taken orally, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg of lorazepam.

Convulsions/seizures may be more common in patients with pre-existing seizure disorders or who are taking other drugs that lower the convulsive threshold such as antidepressants. Abrupt termination of treatment may be accompanied by withdrawal symptoms. Symptoms reported following discontinuation of benzodiazepines include headache, anxiety, tension, depression, insomnia, restlessness, confusion, irritability, sweating, rebound phenomena, dysphoria, dizziness, derealization, depersonalization, hyperacusis, numbness/tingling of extremities, hypersensitivity to light, noise, and physical contact/perceptual changes, involuntary movements, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, hallucinations/ delirium, convulsions/seizures, tremor, abdominal cramps, myalgia, agitation, palpitations, tachycardia, panic attacks, vertigo, hyperreflexia, short-term memory loss, and hyperthermia.

round, white, imprinted with MYLAN 457.

The benzodiazepines, including Ativan (lorazepam), produce increased CNS-depressant effects when administered with other CNS depressants such as alcohol, barbiturates, antipsychotics, sedative /hypnotics, anxiolytics, antidepressants, narcotic analgesics, sedative antihistamines, anticonvulsants, and anesthetics.

(See DRUG INTERACTIONS ). Use of benzodiazepines, including lorazepam, both used alone and in combination with other CNS depressants, may lead to potentially fatal respiratory depression.

Lorazepam has been detected in human breast milk; therefore, it should not be administered to breastfeeding women, unless the expected benefit to the woman outweighs the potential risk to the infant.

round, white, imprinted with 91, GG.

Ativan (lorazepam) is readily absorbed with an absolute bioavailability of 90 percent. The peak plasma level of lorazepam from a 2 mg dose is approximay 20 ng/mL. Peak concentrations in plasma occur approximay 2 hours following administration.

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Concomitant use of clozapine and lorazepam may produce marked sedation, excessive salivation, hypotension, ataxia, delirium, and respiratory arrest.

Tips to Fast Stress Relief.

In patients where gastrointestinal or cardiovascular disorders coexist with anxiety, it should be noted that lorazepam has not been shown to be of significant benefit in treating the gastrointestinal or cardiovascular component.

round, white, imprinted with GG 93.

round, white, imprinted with 241 1, WATSON.

round, white, imprinted with 241 1, WATSON.

round, white, imprinted with 240 0.5, WATSON.

Safety and effectiveness of Ativan (lorazepam) in children of less than 12 years have not been established.

In patients with depression, a possibility for suicide should be borne in mind; benzodiazepines should not be used in such patients without adequate antidepressant therapy.

round, white, imprinted with 241 1, WATSON.

round, white, imprinted with I, L.

pentagonal, white, imprinted with A, WYETH81.

round, white, imprinted with EP 90-4.

Administration of theophylline or aminophylline may reduce the sedative effects of benzodiazepines, including lorazepam.

Symptoms such as hypoactivity, hypotonia, hypothermia, respiratory depression, apnea, feeding problems, and impaired metabolic response to cold stress have been reported in neonates born of mothers who have received benzodiazepines during the late phase of pregnancy or at delivery. Infants of mothers who ingested benzodiazepines for several weeks or more preceding delivery have been reported to have withdrawal symptoms during the postnatal period. In humans, blood levels obtained from umbilical cord blood indicate placental transfer of lorazepam and lorazepam glucuronide.

Sedation and inability to suckle have occurred in neonates of lactating mothers taking benzodiazepines. Infants of lactating mothers should be observed for pharmacological effects (including sedation and irritability).

There is evidence that tolerance develops to the sedative effects of benzodiazepines.

pentagonal, white, imprinted with A, 64 WYETH.

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15°-30°C (59° – 86°F).

In postmarketing experience, overdose with lorazepam has occurred predominantly in combination with alcohol and/or other drugs. Therefore, in the management of overdosage, it should be borne in mind that multiple agents may have been taken.

NDC - Bottles of 100 tablets; NDC – Bottles of 500 tablets; NDC - Bottles of 1000 tablets. 1 mg, white, five-sided (shield shape) tablet with a raised "A" on one side and "BPI" and "64" impressed on scored reverse side.

Lorazepam dosage needs to be reduced by approximay 50% when coadministered with probenecid. Concurrent administration of lorazepam with probenecid may result in a more rapid onset or prolonged effect of lorazepam due to increased half-life and decreased total clearance.

2 mg, white, five-sided (rectangular pentagon) tablet with a raised "A" and impressed "2" on one side and "BPI" and "65" impressed on scored reverse side. Bottles : Keep tightly closed. NDC - Bottles of 100 tablets; NDC – Bottles of 500 tablets; NDC – Bottles of 1000 tablets.

Occasional anomalies (reduction of tarsals, tibia, metatarsals, malrotated limbs, gastroschisis, malformed skull, and microphthalmia ) were seen in drug-treated rabbits without relationship to dosage. Reproductive studies in animals were performed in mice, rats, and two strains of rabbits. Although all of these anomalies were not present in the concurrent control group, they have been reported to occur randomly in historical controls. At doses of 40 mg/kg and higher, there was evidence of fetal resorption and increased fetal loss in rabbits which was not seen at lower doses.

Drug Interaction Tool Check Potential Drug Interactions.

For anxiety, most patients require an initial dose of 2 to 3 mg/day given b.i.d. or t.i.d.

Use of benzodiazepines, including lorazepam, may lead to physical and psychological dependence. As with all patients on CNS-depressant drugs, patients receiving lorazepam should be warned not to operate dangerous machinery or motor vehicles and that their tolerance for alcohol and other CNS depressants will be diminished.

round, white, imprinted with MP 96.

round, white, imprinted with WATSON, 240 0.5.

Ativan (lorazepam) is not recommended for use in patients with a primary depressive disorder or psychosis. Pre-existing depression may emerge or worsen during use of benzodiazepines including lorazepam.

Clinical studies of Ativan generally were not adequate to determine whether subjects aged 65 and over respond differently than younger subjects; however, the incidence of sedation and unsteadiness was observed to increase with age (see ADVERSE REACTIONS ).

round, white, imprinted with Rx 773.

Therefore, these patients should be monitored frequently and have their dosage adjusted carefully according to patient response; the initial dosage should not exceed 2 mg. Elderly or debilitated patients may be more susceptible to the sedative effects of lorazepam.

Sleep What Are the Best Sleeping Positions?

Extension of the treatment period should not take place without reevaluation of the need for continued therapy. Abrupt discontinuation of product should be avoided and a gradual dosage-tapering schedule followed after extended therapy. Continuous long-term use of product is not recommended. In general, benzodiazepines should be prescribed for short periods only (e.g., 2 to 4 weeks). Withdrawal symptoms (e.g., rebound insomnia) can appear following cessation of recommended doses after as little as one week of therapy.

For insomnia due to anxiety or transient situational stress, a single daily dose of 2 to 4 mg may be given, usually at bedtime.

Ativan (lorazepam), an antianxiety agent, has the chemical formula, 7-chloro-5-( o -chlorophenyl)-1,3- dihydro-3-hydroxy-2 H -1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one:

Other adverse reactions to benzodiazepines, including lorazepam are fatigue, drowsiness, amnesia, memory impairment, confusion, disorientation, depression, unmasking of depression, disinhibition, euphoria, suicidal ideation/attempt, ataxia, asthenia, extrapyramidal symptoms, convulsions/seizures, tremor, vertigo, eye function/visual disturbance (including diplopia and blurred vision), dysarthria /slurred speech, change in libido, impotence, decreased orgasm ; headache, coma; respiratory depression, apnea, worsening of sleep apnea, worsening of obstructive pulmonary disease; gastrointestinal symptoms including nausea, change in appetite, constipation, jaundice, increase in bilirubin, increase in liver transaminases, increase in alkaline phosphatase; hypersensitivity reactions, anaphylactoid reactions; dermatological symptoms, allergic skin reactions, alopecia ; SIADH, hyponatremia ; thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis, pancytopenia ; hypothermia ; and autonomic manifestations.

disease. The effect was reversible only when the treatment was withdrawn within two months of first observation of the phenomenon. The clinical significance of this is unknown. Esophageal dilation occurred in rats treated with lorazepam for more than one year at 6 mg/kg/day. The no-effect dose was 1.25 mg/kg/day (approximay 6 times the maximum human therapeutic dose of 10 mg per day). However, use of lorazepam for prolonged periods and in geriatric patients requires caution, and there should be frequent monitoring for symptoms of upper G.I.

round, white, imprinted with 242 2, WATSON.

Overdosage of benzodiazepines is usually manifested by varying degrees of central nervous system depression ranging from drowsiness to coma. In mild cases, symptoms include drowsiness, mental confusion, paradoxical reactions, dysarthria and lethargy. In more serious cases, and especially when other drugs or alcohol were ingested, symptoms may include ataxia, hypotonia, hypotension, cardiovascular depression, respiratory depression, hypnotic state, coma, and death.

Clinical circumstances, some of which may be more common in the elderly, such as hepatic or renal impairment, should be considered. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, and lower doses may be sufficient in these patients (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ). Greater sensitivity (e.g., sedation) of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

round, white, imprinted with RX 774.

round, white, imprinted with I 2, 4822.

There is no evidence of accumulation of lorazepam on administration up to six months. The plasma levels of lorazepam are proportional to the dose given.

Age does not appear to have a significant effect on lorazepam kinetics (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY ).

round, white, imprinted with MYLAN 777.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

The effects of probenecid and valproate on lorazepam may be due to inhibition of glucuronidation.

Ativan (lorazepam) is contraindicated in patients with.

Ativan (lorazepam) Tablets are available in the following dosage strengths:

round, white, imprinted with WATSON, 240 0.5.

Common side effects may.

RxList does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. 2018 by RxList Inc. See additional information.

Lorazepam dosage should be reduced to approximay 50% when coadministered with valproate. Concurrent administration of lorazepam with valproate results in increased plasma concentrations and reduced clearance of lorazepam.

round, white, imprinted with IP 16.

round, white, imprinted with 242 2, WATSON.

round, white, imprinted with IP 17.

Lorazepam should be used with caution in patients with compromised respiratory function (e.g. COPD, sleep apnea syndrome).

round, white, imprinted with IP 15.

Such reactions may be more likely to occur in children and the elderly. Paradoxical reactions have been occasionally reported during benzodiazepine use. Should these occur, use of the drug should be discontinued.

round, white, imprinted with M, 321.

Studies comparing young and elderly subjects have shown that advancing age does not have a significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of lorazepam. However, in one study involving single intravenous doses of 1.5 to 3 mg of Ativan Injection, mean total body clearance of lorazepam decreased by 20% in 15 elderly subjects of 60 to 84 years of age compared to that in 15 younger subjects of 19 to 38 years of age.

Small decreases in blood pressure and hypotension may occur but are usually not clinically significant, probably being related to the relief of anxiety produced by Ativan (lorazepam). Paradoxical reactions, including anxiety, excitation, agitation, hostility, aggression, rage, sleep disturbances/insomnia, sexual arousal, and hallucinations may occur. To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Valeant Pharmaceuticals North America LLC at or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or

Studies in healthy volunteers show that in single high doses Ativan (lorazepam) has a tranquilizing action on the central nervous system with no appreciable effect on the respiratory or cardiovascular systems.

round, white, imprinted with MYLAN 457.

C 15 H 10 Cl MW: 321.16.

Dispense in a tight container.

Lorazepam glucuronide, the inactive metabolite, may be highly dialyzable. Hypotension, though unlikely, usually may be controlled with norepinephrine bitartrate injection. Lorazepam is poorly dialyzable. When there is a risk of aspiration, induction of emesis is not recommended. Administration of activated charcoal may also limit drug absorption. Gastric lavage may be indicated if performed soon after ingestion or in symptomatic patients. General supportive and symptomatic measures are recommended; vital signs must be monitored and the patient closely observed.

0.5 mg, white, five-sided (shield shape) tablet with a raised "A" on one side and "BPI" and "63" impressed on reverse side. NDC - Bottles of 100 tablets; NDC – Bottles of 500 tablets; NDC – Bottles of 1000 tablets.

The physician should periodically reassess the usefulness of the drug for the individual patient. The effectiveness of Ativan (lorazepam) in long-term use, that is, more than 4 months, has not been assessed by systematic clinical studies.

Psoriasis What Does a Psoriasis Rash Look Like?

round, white, imprinted with WATSON, 242 2.

The clinical significance of the above findings is not known. Patients should be advised that if they become pregnant, they should communicate with their physician about the desirability of discontinuing the drug. However, an increased risk of congenital malformations associated with the use of minor tranquilizers (chlordiazepoxide, diazepam, and meprobamate) during the first trimester of pregnancy has been suggested in several studies. Because the use of these drugs is rarely a matter of urgency, the use of lorazepam during this period should be avoided. The possibility that a woman of childbearing potential may be pregnant at the time of institution of therapy should be considered.

round, white, imprinted with MYLAN 777.

Lorazepam may have abuse potential, especially in patients with a history of drug and/or alcohol abuse.

Pill Identifier Tool Quick, Easy, Pill Identification.

For optimal results, dose, frequency of administration, and duration of therapy should be individualized according to patient response. To facilitate this, 0.5 mg, 1 mg, and 2 mg tablets are available. Ativan (lorazepam) is administered orally.

In a sample of about 3500 patients treated for anxiety, the most frequent adverse reaction to Ativan ( lorazepam ) was sedation (15.9%), followed by dizziness (6.9%), weakness (4.2%), and unsteadiness (3.4%). The incidence of sedation and unsteadiness increased with age.

Pharmacy Locater Tool Including 24 Hour, Pharmacies.

Most adverse reactions to benzodiazepines, including CNS effects and respiratory depression, are dose dependent, with more severe effects occurring with high doses.

Revised: Oct 2015. Manufactured by: MEDA Manufacturing GmbH, Cologne, Germany D-51063.

round, white, imprinted with I 1, 4821.

round, white, imprinted with EP 906, 2.

Cardiac Arrest vs. Heart Failure. Heart Disease Heart Attack vs.

Find Lowest Prices on Ativan (lorazepam) Tablets.

round, white, imprinted with 59, R.

round, white, imprinted with MP 39.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Slideshow.

home drugs a-z list side effects drug center ativan (lorazepam) drug.

The use of benzodiazepines, including lorazepam, may lead to physical and psychological dependence. Addiction- prone individuals (such as drug addicts or alcoholics) should be under careful surveillance when receiving lorazepam or other psychotropic agents. The risk of dependence increases with higher doses and longer term use and is further increased in patients with a history of alcoholism or drug abuse or in patients with significant personality disorders. The dependence potential is reduced when lorazepam is used at the appropriate dose for short-term treatment.

At clinically relevant concentrations, lorazepam is approximay 85% bound to plasma proteins. The mean half-life of unconjugated lorazepam in human plasma is about 12 hours and for its major metabolite, lorazepam glucuronide, about 18 hours. Lorazepam glucuronide has no demonstrable CNS activity in animals. Ativan (lorazepam) is rapidly conjugated at its 3-hydroxy group into lorazepam glucuronide which is then excreted in the urine.

The complete flumazenil package insert including Contraindications, Warnings, and Precautions should be consulted prior to use. The prescriber should be aware of a risk of seizure in association with flumazenil treatment, particularly in long-term benzodiazepine users and in cyclic antidepressant overdose. The benzodiazepine antagonist flumazenil may be used in hospitalized patients as an adjunct to, not as a substitute for, proper management of benzodiazepine overdose.

When higher dosage is indicated, the evening dose should be increased before the daytime doses. The dosage of Ativan (lorazepam) should be increased gradually when needed to help avoid adverse effects.

Some patients on Ativan (lorazepam) have developed leukopenia, and some have had elevations of LDH. As with other benzodiazepines, periodic blood counts and liver function tests are recommended for patients on long-term therapy.

No studies regarding mutagenesis have been performed. No evidence of carcinogenic potential emerged in rats during an 18-month study with Ativan (lorazepam).

round, white, imprinted with RX7.

Anxiety or tension associated with the stress of everyday life usually does not require treatment with an anxiolytic. Ativan (lorazepam) is indicated for the management of anxiety disorders or for the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety or anxiety associated with depressive symptoms.

To assure the safe and effective use of Ativan (lorazepam), patients should be informed that, since benzodiazepines may produce psychological and physical dependence, it is advisable that they consult with their physician before either increasing the dose or abruptly discontinuing this drug.

For elderly or debilitated patients, an initial dosage of 1 to 2 mg/day in divided doses is recommended, to be adjusted as needed and tolerated.

round, white, imprinted with M, 321.

round, white, imprinted with EP 905, 1.

Take the Panic Attacks Quiz!

The usual precautions for treating patients with impaired renal or hepatic function should be observed. As with all benzodiazepines, the use of lorazepam may worsen hepatic encephalopathy ; therefore, lorazepam should be used with caution in patients with severe hepatic insufficiency and/or encephalopathy. Dosage for patients with severe hepatic insufficiency should be adjusted carefully according to patient response; lower doses may be sufficient in such patients.

pentagonal, white, imprinted with A, 65 WYETH.